Leon Fuchs (1501-66) Dame's VIOLET - Botany - folio woodcut "New Kreüterbuch" 1543
Hesperis matronalis is an herbaceous plant species in the mustard family, Brassicaceae. It has numerous common names, including dame's rocket, damask-violet, dame's-violet, dames-wort, dame's gilliflower.
Superb hand coloured woodcut in FOLIO size from:
Heinrich Füllmaurer, Albert Meyer (draughtsmen), and Veit Rudolf Speckle (woodcutter)
Basel, Isengrin, 1543 with his watermark to each leaf.
References: VD 16, F 3242; Adams F 1099; Fairfax Murray I, 175; Nissen, BBI 658; Stafleu-C. 1909; Hunt 48
Original 450+ year old leaf. Woodcut of extraordinary beauty with later hand colour. "Fuchs, following Brunfels, was the third of the German Fathers of Botany. He gave us forty plants never before figured... He was also the first of the modern era to attempt to give a botanical glossary of terms, presenting it in alphabetical order" (Hunt). "This herbal has the first European figures of certain American plants, including Indian corn and the great pumpkin" (Sparrow).