François Chauveau was born 10 May 1613 in Paris, as the second son of the impoverished noble, Lubin Chauveau and of Marguerite de Fleurs. He studied in the studio of Laurent de La Hyre and specialised in etching. He married Marguerite Roger on 8 February 1652.
Louis XIV gave him a pension and the title of Graveur du Roi (King's engraver) in 1662.
Chauveau was the first printmaker to be made a member to the Académie royale de peinture et de sculpture on 14 April 1663.
Notable for his great culture and imagination, he was one of the four French engravers cited by Charles Perrault in his "Hommes illustres". Chauveau left nearly 1,600 works (frontispices, vignettes...), including illustrations for works by Mademoiselle de Scudéry (he engraved the famous Map of Tendre and the frontispiece for her Artamène), Scarron, Molière, Racine and Boileau. La Fontaine summoned him to illustrate the first six books of his fables.
Fine and rare engraving published for the Isaac Benserade (1613–169) edition of Ovid.