Leon Fuchs (1501-66) Colocynth BITTER APPLE Botany - folio woodcut "New Kreüterbuch" 1543
Citrullus colocynthis, with many common names including colocynth, bitter apple, bitter cucumber, desert gourd, egusi, vine of Sodom, or wild gourd, is a desert viny plant native to the Mediterranean Basin and Asia.
Superb hand coloured woodcut in FOLIO size from:
34.5 x 23 cm
Heinrich Füllmaurer, Albert Meyer (draughtsmen), and Veit Rudolf Speckle (woodcutter)
Basel, Isengrin, 1543 with his watermark to each leaf.
References: VD 16, F 3242; Adams F 1099; Fairfax Murray I, 175; Nissen, BBI 658; Stafleu-C. 1909; Hunt 48
Original 450+ year old leaf. Woodcut of extraordinary beauty with later hand colour. "Fuchs, following Brunfels, was the third of the German Fathers of Botany. He gave us forty plants never before figured... He was also the first of the modern era to attempt to give a botanical glossary of terms, presenting it in alphabetical order" (Hunt). "This herbal has the first European figures of certain American plants, including Indian corn and the great pumpkin" (Sparrow).
Small worm tract to lower margin. Minor fingering to margins.